Solution-processed semiconductor single-crystal patterns possess unique advantages of large scale and low cost, leading to potential applications toward high-performance optoelectronic devices. To integrate organic semiconductor micro/nanostructures into devices, various patterning techniques have been developed. However, previous patterning techniques suffer from trade-offs between precision, scalability, crystallinity, and orientation. Herein, a patterning method is reported based on an asymmetric-wettability micropillar-structured template. Large-scale 1D single-crystalline supramolecular arrays with strict alignment, pure crystallographic orientation, and precise position can be obtained. The wettability difference between tops and sidewalls of micropillars gives rise to the confinement of organic solutions in discrete capillary tubes followed by dewetting and formation of capillary trailing. The capillary trailing enables unidirectional dewetting, regulated mass transport, and confined crystal growth. Owing to the high crystallinity and pure crystallographic orientation with Pt atomic chains parallel to the substrate, the photodetectors based on the 1D arrays exhibit improved responsivity. The work not only provides fundamental understanding on the patterning and crystallization of supramolecular structures but also develops a large-scale assembly technique for patterning single-crystalline micro/nanostructures.
Liu Yun Feng Jiangang Zhang Bo Wu Yuchen Chen Yong 江雷