Due to the direct and sufficient contacting with the aqueous environment, the directional and continuous transport of gas bubbles on open surface without energy input will advance a variety of applications in heat transfer, selective aeration, water electrolysis, etc. Unfortunately, the behaviors of gas bubbles in aqueous environment are mainly dominated by the buoyancy moving gas bubbles upward, resulting in their difficult manipulation. Therefore, realizing the directional and continuous transport of gas bubbles on open surface still remains a great challenge. Herein, a novel strategy integrating the superaerophilic wettability with geometry-gradient structure is proposed, which can engender high driving force and low hysteresis resistance force acting on the gas bubbles. In experiment, these fabricated superaerophilic geometry-gradient polyethylene surfaces demonstrate distinguished performance of directionally and continuously transporting gas bubbles on open surfaces without energy input. In addition, the antibuoyancy bubble transportation device and the underwater bubble microreactor are successfully prepared in this manuscript, both of which illustrate the feasibility in the applications of complex environment and gas-related fields. It can be envisioned that this study will promote the understanding and development of underwater functional superwettability materials to achieve the directional and continuous transport of gas bubbles on the open surface.
Ma Hongyu Moyuan Cao Zhang Chunhui Bei Zhanlin Li Kan Yu Cunming 江雷
Advanced Functional Materials